AI computers are still unable to beat top poker professionals, but they have the capacity to dominate the game of Go as the recent historic match between Korean Lee Sedol, considered as the "Roger Federer of Go," and Google's AlphaGo was won by the computer.
The match in South Korea is a historic one wherein the machine won four games and Sedol one. The winning player, Google's DeepMind Team took home the match prize of $1 million. This was the first time a computer defeated a top human Go player.
Although defeated, Lee Sedol said he was glad he was at least able to put one win.
"Because I lost three matches and then was able to get this single win, this win is so valuable that I wouldn't exchange it for anything in the world", he said after winning the fourth match. "That's because of the cheers and the encouragement that you've all shown me."
In case you are not familiar with the game of Go, this is a board game that was invented in China more than 2,500 years ago. This board game is considered as the most complex board game in the world. Players have around 200 potential moves they can choose from - a number that is ten times that of what you encounter in chess. The main problem with Go though is that it is difficult to determine who is winning, and only until you reach the later stages that you will have an idea on who is winning and who is losing.
"Go has always been the pinnacle of perfect information games," said co-founder of Deep Mind Demis Hassabis. "It's way more complicated than chess in terms of possibility, so it's always been a bit of a holy grail or grand challenge for AI research, especially since Deep Blue. And you know, we hadn't got that far with it, even though there'd been a lot of efforts. Monte Carlo tree search was a big innovation ten years ago, but I think what we've done with AlphaGo is introduce with the neural networks this aspect of intuition, if you want to call it that, and that's really the thing that separates out top Go players: their intuition."
The AlphGo System was developed by DeepMind and was purchased by Google in 2014.
Artificial Intelligence has made leaps and bounds ever since Deep Blue.
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